Global emergence of Zika virus

Main Article Content

Richard Tjan


Zika virus (ZIKV) belongs to the flaviviruses (family Flaviviridae), which includes dengue, yellow fever, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. Zika virus was isolated in 1947, in the Zika forest near Kampala, Uganda, from one of the rhesus monkeys used as sentinel animals in a yellow fever research program.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tjan, R. (2016). Global emergence of Zika virus. Universa Medicina, 35(1), 1–2.


Hayes EB. Zika virus outside Africa. Emerg Infect Dis 2009;15:1347-50.

Duffy MR, Chen T-H, Hancock WT, et al. Zika virus outbreak on Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia. N Engl J Med 2009;360:2536-43.

Ioos S, Mallet HP, Leparc Goffart I, et al. Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics. Med Mal Infect 2014;44:302-7.

Mlakar J, Korva M, Tul N, et al. Zika virus associated with microcephaly. N Engl J Med 2016; DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1600651

Heymann DL, Hodgson A, Sall A, et al. Zika virus and microcephaly: why is this situation a PHEIC?. The Lancet 2016;387:719-20. Available at: 00320-2. Accessed 20 Februray, 2016.

Marcondes CB, Ximenes MFFM. Zika virus in Brazil and the danger of infestation by Aedes (Stegomyia) mosquitoes. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2015. Available at: Accessed 20 February, 2016.

Fauci AS, Morens DM. Zika virus in the Americas — yet another arbovirus threat. N Engl J Med 2016;374;7. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1600 297.