Footwear as a risk factor of hookworm infection in elementary school students

Main Article Content

Semuel Sandy
Sri Sumarni
Soeyoko Soeyoko


In Indonesia, there is still a high prevalence of hookworm infection, especially in poor areas with poor sanitation. The number of helminthic diseases in Keerom Regency was about 599 cases in 2010. This number is bound to increase due to the low sanitation, hygiene and socio-economic status of the people in the regency. The children are a group at risk for contracting infections, especially intestinal worms, which affect the child’s physical growth and intelligence. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors of hookworm diseases in elementary school students.
A cross-sectional study was conducted on 224 elementary school students.
Demographic data were obtained by questionnaire, comprising gender, parental socio-economic status, household sanitation, and personal hygiene. Body mass index was calculated by measurement of body weight and height. And hemoglobin concentration was measured using a Quick Check Hb-meter. Stool samples were microscopically examined using the Kato-Katz method. We used chi-square and logistic regression to find predictors of hookworm infections, with level of significance at p<0.05.
The number of hookworm infection was 6.7% and the risk factor of hookworm
infection among elementary school students was the habit of using footwear
outdoors [OR 5.3; 95% CI 1.7-17.7; p=0.004].
The use of footwear outdoors was a predictor of hookworm infections in
elementary school children. An effective and efficient intervention program is
needed to prevent and eradicate hookworm infection among primary school

Article Details

How to Cite
Sandy, S., Sumarni, S., & Soeyoko, S. (2014). Footwear as a risk factor of hookworm infection in elementary school students. Universa Medicina, 33(2), 133–140.
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