High serum iron and zinc decrease glutathione S-transferase among women with breast cancer

Main Article Content

Nendyah Roestijawati
Dwi Arini Ernawati
Diah Krisnansari


Breast cancer in Indonesia ranks second as the most common cancer found in women after cervical cancer. Tumor cells express increased levels of antioxidant proteins to detoxify reactive oxygen species (ROS). Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is known to play a key role in the detoxification and reduction of ROS. Trace elements have nutritional benefits as essential cofactors for physiologic processes, but some can be toxic to humans. Accumulated evidence suggests that deficiency or excess of certain trace elements may be associated with risk of chronic diseases including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer. The aim of this research was to determine the correlation of the trace elements iron and zinc with the oxidative stress level of GST activity in women with breast cancer.

An observational analytic study with cross sectional design was conducted involving 35 breast cancer women. Research subjects were women with breast cancer diagnosed by biopsy. Measurements of iron and zinc levels were performed using atomic absorption spectrometry, GST activity was measured using spectrophotometry. Data analysis was done with the Pearson correlation test.

The results showed that there was a significant relationship of serum iron with GST (r=-0.487; p<0.05) and serum zinc with GST (r=-0.409; p<0.01).

Our study demonstrated that the higher zinc and iron level, the lower GST level among breast cancer women. It is recommended to use zinc, iron and GST levels as biomarkers for breast cancer and its progression.

Article Details

How to Cite
Roestijawati, N., Ernawati, D. A., & Krisnansari, D. (2018). High serum iron and zinc decrease glutathione S-transferase among women with breast cancer. Universa Medicina, 37(1), 25–30. https://doi.org/10.18051/UnivMed.2018.v37.25-30
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Nendyah Roestijawati, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Faculty of Medicine Jenderal Soedirman University Purwokerto

Public Health and Community Medicine

Dwi Arini Ernawati, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Faculty of Medicine Jenderal Soedirman University Purwokerto

Public Health and Community Medicine

Diah Krisnansari, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Faculty of Medicine Jenderal Soedirman University Purwokerto

Public Health and Community Medicine


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